Background & Program Information
On January 12, 2010, Haiti was struck by 7.0 magnitude earthquake, killing over 220,000 people, injuring at least 300,00, and displacing approximately 2.3 million people. The earthquake caused severe damage in what was already one of the world’s poorest nations. Substantial destruction to buildings and property incurred including nearly 80% of the school buildings in Port-au-Prince, 60% of all government and administrative buildings, and the complete destruction of over 100,000 houses.
The earthquake disrupted and destroyed livelihoods, uprooted families from their homes, separated family members, and created environments that left populations even more vulnerable to future disasters and epidemics. While recovering from the effects of the earthquake, the country was hit with at least 10 more disasters including cholera outbreaks, hurricanes and other tropical storms, floods, landslides, and a chikungunya outbreak. The government of Haiti and many humanitarian actors are now attempting to adopt practices that ensure resilience and disaster risk reduction in order to successfully rebuild families, livelihoods, and the economy.
IEDA Relief launched its in response in Haiti a few weeks after the earthquake struck in early 2010, when it deployed a team to assess the infrastructure damage and to determine how to best support the traumatized population. In coordination with the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and all other members of the Inter-Cluster response coordination mechanism, IEDA Relief assumed the Camp Management and Camp Coordination (CCCM) role in February 2010 at three IOM priority sites in metropolitan Port-au-Prince. From 2010 until 2014, IEDA Relief was also responsible for the following:
- Needs assessments: Extensive site assessments of all 45 sites in Petit Goave (population 25,500) and all 24 sites in Grand Goave (population 27,500) at the request of IOM and using IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix.
- Camp coordination and camp management, managing a total of 61,905 displaced individuals in 31 camps located in Port-au-Prince, Leogane, Petit Goave and Grand Goave, and successfully relocating 4,921 displaced individuals.
- Child Protection, working with UNICEF to provide a child-friendly spaces (CFS) program for27,700 children at metropolitan Port-au-Prince locations (Automeca, Terrain Pere Solino, and Camp Boulos) and in the host community through an innovative mobile program
- Emergency Shelter, distributing tents from MINUSTAH and shelter kits from Habitat for Humanity following the hurricane that hit Haiti on September 24, 2010.
- WASH/Health: Establishment of 20-bed cholera treatment center adjacent to the OSAPO Rousseau Clinic and implementation of a cholera awareness/hygiene promotion campaign within the camps and local communities in Port-au-Prince, Leogane, Grand Goave and Petit Goave, including the distribution of 1,933 hygiene kits provided by UNICEF. IEDA Relief was also appointed to the OCHA Cholera Assessment Task Force.
- Environment: Implementation of Cash for Work Rubble Removal Pilot Program in Leogane, mobilizing 9,009 community participants to clear a total of 75 properties in 45 days, in partnership with UNDP, CRWRC, HRG, and the Leogane Mayor’s Office.
Due to resource limitations, IEDA Relief officially closed its Haiti operations as of March 2015.
For more information about IEDA Relief’s experience in Haiti, or to inquire about potential opportunities for future programs in Haiti, please visit the Partnership page or contact: